Painting’s great masters are ever-present

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Recognized as such by art historians, painting’s ‘great masters’ are very well-represented in The Virtual Wine Museum. “The notion of ‘mastery’ or ‘genius’ suggests an exceptional individual […] Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Dürer are geniuses, as are Caravaggio, Cézanne and Picasso, whether or not they trained students, collaborated with other recognized painters or became known as ‘masters’ through the sheer authority of their art, like Vermeer, Lotto, Chardin and Velázquez.” (Patricia Fride-Carrassat, Les Maîtres de la peinture, Larousse/SEJER 2004, Paris). This does not go to say that such painters produced nothing but masterpieces. Great masters were particularly present in the sixteenth century, illustrating the section ‘From Divine to Sacred’ and in the eighteenth century for the section ‘An Everyday Companion’. These two periods were rich for painters and great masters: in the first case, the effect of the Renaissance, the Counter-Reformation and the rise of the merchant class were all being felt; for the latter, the growth of ‘modern’ painting and realism, strong economic growth and the triumph of the industrial and banking bourgeoisie.

The best-represented artists are Vermeer and Van Gogh, followed by Manet, Cezanne and Toulouse-Lautrec

AUTOPORTRAITS

JOHANNES VERMEER Detail of the painting "The Procuress", ca. 1656 - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden, Germany

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JOHANNES VERMEER Detail of the painting "The Procuress", ca. 1656 - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden, Germany

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VINCENT VAN GOGH Self-Portrait with Felt Hat, December 1886/ January 1887 - Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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EDOUARD MANET Autoportrait à la palette, 1879 - Collection particulière

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PAUL CÉZANNE Autoportrait avec un chapeau mou, c. 1894/16 - Artizon Museum, Tokyo

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HENRI DE TOULOUSE-LAUTREC Autoportrait devant une glace (détail), 1880 - Musée Toulouse-Lautrec, Albi

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Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890)

VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853-1890)

RED VINEYARD AT ARLES, MONTMAJOUR (partial view) , 1888 - The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russia

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INTERIOR OF THE RESTAURANT CARREL IN ARLES (INTÉRIEUR DU RESTAURANT CARREL A ARLES) Van Gogh, 1888 - Private collection

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FONTVIEILLE June 1888

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NIGHT CAFE (CAFE DE NUIT) Vincent Van Gogh, 1888 - Yale University Gallery, New Haven, CT, United States

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THE GREEN VINEYARD Van Gogh, 1888 - Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, Netherlands

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Vermeer de Delft (1632-1675)

JOHANNES VERMEER (1632-1675)

A LADY AT THE VIRGINAL WITH A GENTLEMAN (partial view), ca. 1662-1665 - Royal Collection Trust, Buckingham Palace, London

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OFFICER WITH A LAUGHING GIRL Vermeer, ca. 1658 - The Frick Collection, New York

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THE GIRL WITH THE WINE GLASS or A LADY AND TWO GENTLEMEN Johannes Vermeer, ca. 1659-1660 - Herzog Anton-Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig

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THE GLASS OF WINE or A LADY DRINKING AND A GENTLEMAN Vermeer, ca. 1658-1660 - Gemäldegalerie, Berlin

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Édouard Manet (1832-1883)

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JOHANNES VERMEER (1632-1675)

A LADY AT THE VIRGINAL WITH A GENTLEMAN (partial view), ca. 1662-1665 - Royal Collection Trust, Buckingham Palace, London

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THE LUNCHEON IN THE STUDIO (DÉJEUNER DANS L'ATELIER) Edouard Manet, 1869 - Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany

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LUNCHEON ON THE GRASS (DÉJEUNER SUR L'HERBE) Edouard Manet, 1862/63 - Musée d'Orsay Paris

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AT CAFE LE BOUCHON (AU CAFÉ LE BOUCHON) Edouard Manet, 1878/79 - Pushkin Museum, Moscow

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Paul Cézanne (1839-1906)

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JOHANNES VERMEER (1632-1675)

A LADY AT THE VIRGINAL WITH A GENTLEMAN (partial view), ca. 1662-1665 - Royal Collection Trust, Buckingham Palace, London

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LOT AND HIS DAUGHTERS (LOTH ET SES FILLES) Paul Cezanne, ca. 1865 - Private collection

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PASTORAL or IDYLL (PASTORALE or IDYLLE) Paul Cézanne, 1870 - Musée d'Orsay, Paris

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THE WINE MARKET AT JUSSIEU Paul Cézanne, 1872 - Portland Art Museum, Oregon

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Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)

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JOHANNES VERMEER (1632-1675)

A LADY AT THE VIRGINAL WITH A GENTLEMAN (partial view), ca. 1662-1665 - Royal Collection Trust, Buckingham Palace, London

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LOT AND HIS DAUGHTERS (LOTH ET SES FILLES) Paul Cezanne, ca. 1865 - Private collection

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PASTORAL or IDYLL (PASTORALE or IDYLLE) Paul Cézanne, 1870 - Musée d'Orsay, Paris

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THE WINE MARKET AT JUSSIEU Paul Cézanne, 1872 - Portland Art Museum, Oregon

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Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901)

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VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853-1890)

RED VINEYARD AT ARLES, MONTMAJOUR (partial view) , 1888 - The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russia

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DRINKER (BUVEUR) Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1882 - Private collection

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THE HANGOVER, SUZANNE VALADON (GUEULE DE BOIS, La Buveuse) Toulouse-Lautrec, ca. 1886 - Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, MA, USA

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AT THE CAFE LA MIE (AU CAFE LA MIE) Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, ca. 1891 - MFA, Boston, United States

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Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

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VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853-1890)

RED VINEYARD AT ARLES, MONTMAJOUR (partial view) , 1888 - The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russia

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DRINKER (BUVEUR) Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1882 - Private collection

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THE HANGOVER, SUZANNE VALADON (GUEULE DE BOIS, La Buveuse) Toulouse-Lautrec, ca. 1886 - Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, MA, USA

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AT THE CAFE LA MIE (AU CAFE LA MIE) Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, ca. 1891 - MFA, Boston, United States

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Over 20% of our paintings are the work of great masters 

We didn’t make a deliberate decision to feature so many great masters. But the fact is that many of these artists were deeply interested in representing the world of wine, whether profane or otherwise.

LOTTO

PONTORMO

LE TINTORET

VERONESE

PETER BRUEGEL L'ANCIEN

LE GRECO

FROM 14TH CENTURY TO 16TH CENTURY

GIOTTO

 

BELLINI

LEONARD DE VINCI

BOSCH

Allégorie de la gourmandise

Allégorie de l'intempérance

DÜRER

MICHEL-ANGE

TITIEN

REMBRANDT

VERMEER DE DELFT

JEAN-ANTOINE WATTEAU

GIAMBATTISTA TIEPOLO

WILLIAM HOGARTH

JEAN SIMEON CHARDIN

17TH AND 18TH CENTURIES

CARRACHE

 

LE CARAVAGE

 

FRANS HALS

RUBENS

 

NICOLAS POUSSIN

 

GEORGES DE LA TOUR

Le Tricheur à l'as de carreau

Le Tricheur à l'as de trèfle

 

DIEGO VELÁZQUEZ

Les Ivrognes

19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES

FRANCISCO DE GOYA

 

WILLIAM TURNER

 

GUSTAVE COURBET

 

EDOUARD MANET

 

EDGAR DEGAS

 

CLAUDE MONET

 

PAUL CÉZANNE

PAUL GAUGUIN

Vendanges à Arles (Misères humaines)

 

VINCENT VAN GOGH

La Vigne rouge

 

HENRI DE TOULOUSE-LAUTREC

En Cabinet particulier au Rat mort

 

HENRI MATISSE

 

PABLO PICASSO

 

JOAN MIRÓ

BACON